Dr. Karen Moreno Fuentealba

Curriculum Vitae

Dr. Karen Moreno F.

http://www.anthropobiologie.cict.fr
http://www.compbiomech.com
http://dinohuella.free.fr
Nationality: Chilean

EDUCATION

2002 - 2006         PhD in Earth Sciences (University of Bristol, UK)

                                Title: Jurassic-Cretaceous dinosaur footprints from South America and pedal biomechanics in ornithopod dinosaurs. Advisors: Michael Benton (U. Bristol) and Matthew Carrano (Smithsonian Institution, USA)

2003 - 2005         Pre-doctoral Fellow (Smithsonian Institution, USA)

                                Project: Biomechanics of dinosaur feet. Advisor: Dr. M. Carrano.

1995 - 2000         Licenciatura en Biología, mention Zoology summa cum laude (Universidad Austral de Chile, Chile).

                                Equivalent to Master of biology. Project: Dinosaur footprints (Ornithopoda-Theropoda-Sauropoda) from Baños del Flaco Formation, VI Region, Chile: paleoenvironment and paleoethology. Advisor: Dr. M. Pino

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

2010-present      Postdoctorat (Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France)

                                Project : The mechanics of the human bite.

2006 - 2009         Senior Research Assistant (University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia)

                                Project: Modelling bite force in vertebrates using finite element analysis.

 

Teaching and administration

2008 - present    Qualified for “maître de conferences” for University and Museum of Natural History

                                Section 36 (“terre solide”) and section 68 (“biologie des organismes”)

2006 - present    Associated editor of the online journal on Paleontology Revista Fosil.cl (ISSN 0717-9235. www.fosil.cl)

2004 - present    Honorary lecturer (Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile)

                                Occasional dispense of lectures to the students of Biology (GEO200) and Marine Biology (GEO116).

2003 - 2008         Scientific advisor of the Local government of Pica (1st Region of Chile)

                                Project “Dinosaur Valley”: scientific divulgation and protection of the dinosaur tracksites of the Chacarilla Canyon (a new National Monument).

2001                      Lecturer in paleontology (Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile)

                                Optional course open to students of all the careers. Attendants were from the departments of Anthropology, Marine Biology, Biology and Law.

1999 - 2001         Scientific advisor of SERNAGEOMIN (National Survey of Geology and Mining of Chile)

                                Prospection, identification and study of fossils as part of three projects for geological mapping in Chile: 1) Triassic of Cerro Quimal, Salar de Atacama; 2) Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous fossil footprints, Chacarilla Formation ; 3) Miocene to Pleistocene, Salar de Atacama.

Reviewer for the scientific journals: Palaeontology, Naturwissenschaften, Journal of Anatomy and Ameghiniana and of research projects on paleontology presented to the annual competition for funding offered by the Research Council, Department of Archives, Libraries and Museums (DIBAM), Chilean Government.

Student supervision

2009 - present    Ph.D. of Florent Goussard (MNHN Paris, France): Biomechanics of Sauropod dinosaurs locomotion

2007 - present    Ph.D. of Federico Degrange (Universidad de la Plata, Argentina): Biomechanics of Phorusrhacids skull

2008 - 2009         Master of Germán Andrés Montoya Sanhueza (Universidad de Concepción, Chile): Taxonomy and biogeography of Miocene mammals from the Huaylas formation, XV Region Chile.

2007 - 2008         Master of Leonora Pilar Salvadores Cerda (Universidad Austral de Chile, Chile): Identification of the Pleistocene paleoenvironment in the Valdivian region from the study of fossil wood.

2007 - 2008         Master of Andrea Pino Olivares (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaiso, Chile): Bite mechanics of Varanus giganteus.

Assistant of paleontological prospections

2007                      Pleistocene in Osorno, Chile (with the Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia)

1999                      Cretaceous in Patagonie, Argentine (with the Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Neuquén)

1997                      Cretaceous in Las Hoyas, Spain (with the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

Scientific communication

2003                      Organizer of Videoconferences: “Chilean Children and the Bristol Dinosaur”, transmitted from Bristol to 13 cities in Chile (~2000 children) and worldwide trough internet (~1500 connected on-line/real time).

2001 - 2002         Organizer of paleontology workshops for children: ages 7-12. Sponsored by Museo Histórico y Antropológico Maurice Van de Maele, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile. (~20 children and ~20 hrs per workshop).

1996 - 1998         Production of 3 exhibits: 11/1998 “Dinosaurios en Valdivia” 11/1997  “Amonites una espiral biológica”, 11/1996  “Dinosaurios en el tiempo”. For the II, III and IV National Week of Science respectively. Explora Program, CONICYT and Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.

1996                      Organizer and speaker of the seminar “Introduction to vertebrate paleontology, a biological perspective”. Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile. In total 16 talks 1.5 hr long, given by 12 different invited lecturers.

SKILLS

Technology for Imaging and Modeling

Imaging: Advanced user of X-Ray medical Computed Tomography scanner, laser scanner (ModelMaker) and 3D digitalisation with MicroScribe (Rhinoceros). Segmentation: VGStudio Max, Mimics, Amira. Modeling and animation in 3D: Rhinoceros, AutoCAD 2002, Maya 3D, SuperDraw, VGStudio. Finite Element Analysis: Strand 7, 2D-3D Algor v19, 2D Winfelt. Programming: RGui (stadistic), AutoHotKey (macros)

Languages

Spanish: mother tongue         English: Fluent                  French: Fluent                      German: Basic

PUBLICATIONS

1.     K Moreno, A Pino, S Wroe, CR McHenry, PD Clausen. (Submitted) Cranial mechanics of the perentie monitor (Varanus giganteus) reveal a close resemblance to allosauroid dinosaurs. J Zoomorph.

2.     Goussard F, Germain D, Delmer C, Moreno K (Submitted) Using finite element analysis to predict the observed metacarpal arrangement of Elephas maximus : A promising tool for the reconstruction of extinct graviportal taxa. PALEVOL.

3.     F Degrange, C Tambusi, K Moreno, S Wroe, LM Witmer. (2010) Mechanical analysis of feeding behavior in the extinct "terror bird" Andalgalornis steulleti (Gruiformes: Phorusrhacidae). PLOS One5: e11856. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/Fjournal.pone.0011856

4.     BG Fry, S Wroe, W Teeuwisse, MJP van Osch, K Moreno, J Ingle, C McHenry, T Ferrara, P Clausen, H Scheib, KL Winter, L Greisman, K Roelants, L van der Weerd, CJ Clemente, E Giannakis, WC Hodgson, S Luz, P Martelli, K Krishnasamy, E Kochva, HF Kwok, D Scanlon, J Karas, DM Citron, EJC Goldstein, JE Mcnaughtan, JA Norman. (2009) A central role for venom in predation by Varanus komodoensis (Komodo Dragon) and the extinct giant Varanus (Megalania) priscus. PNAS 106(22):8969-8974. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0810883106

5.     S Wroe, DR Huber, M Lowry, CR McHenry, K Moreno, PD Clausen, TL Ferrara, E Cunningham, MN Dean, AP Summers. (2008) Three-dimensional computer analysis of white shark jaw mechanics: how hard can a great white bite? J Zool 276(4):336-342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2008.00494.x

6.     PD Clausen, AC Burke, CR McHenry, S Wroe, K Moreno. (2008) The vector of jaw muscle force as determined by computer-generated three-dimensional simulation: A test of greaves' model. J Biomech 41 3184-3188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.08.019

7.     J Bourke, S Wroe, K Moreno, CR McHenry, PD Clausen. (2008) Effect of gape and tooth position on bite force in the dingo (Canis lupus dingo) using a 3-Dimensional Finite Element approach. PLOS One 3(5):e2200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002200

8.     CR McHenry, S Wroe, PD Clausen, K Moreno, E Cunningham. (2007) Super-modeled sabercat, predatory behaviour in Smilodon fatalis revealed by high-resolution 3-D computer simulation. PNAS 104(41):16010-16015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0706086104

9.     S Wroe, PD Clausen, CR McHenry, K Moreno, E Cunningham. (2007) Computer simulation of feeding behaviour in the thylacine and dingo: a novel test for convergence and niche overlap. Proc R Soc B 274:2819-2828. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.0906

10.   K Moreno, S Wroe, PD Clausen, CR McHenry, DC D'Amore, EJ Rayfield, E Cunningham. (2008) Cranial performance in the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) as revealed by high-resolution 3-D finite element analysis. J Anat 212:736-746. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7580.2008.00899.x

11.   S Wroe, K Moreno, PD Clausen, CR McHenry. (2007) High-resolution computer simulation of hominid cranial mechanics. Anat Rec 290:1248-1255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.20594

12.   D Rubilar-Rogers, K Moreno, N Blanco, JO Calvo. (2008) Theropod dinosaur trackways from the Lower Cretaceous of the Chacarilla Formation, Chile. Revista Geológica de Chile 35(1):175-184. http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-02082008000100009&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en

13.   K Moreno, MT Carrano, R Snyder. (2007) Morphological changes in pedal phalanges through ornithopod dinosaur evolution: A biomechanical approach. J Morph 268(1):50-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmor.10498

14.   JO Calvo, D Rubilar, K Moreno. (2004) A new Abelisauridae (Dinosauria : Theropoda) from northwest Patagonia. Ameghiniana 41(4):555-563. (e-mail me for reprints)

15.   K Moreno, N Blanco, A Tomlinson. (2004) New dinosaur footprints from the Upper Jurassic of northern Chile. Ameghiniana 41(4):535-544. (e-mail me for reprints)

16.   K Moreno, MJ Benton. (2005) Occurrence of sauropod dinosaur tracks in the Upper Jurassic of Chile (redescription of Iguanodonichnus frenki). J S Am Earth Sci 20(3):253-257. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsames.2005.05.012

17.   K Moreno, M Pino. (2002) Huellas de dinosaurios (Theropoda-Ornitopoda-Sauropoda) de la Formación Baños del Flaco, VI Región, Chile: paleoambiente y paleoetología. Revista Geológica de Chile 29:191-206. http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-02082002000200003&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es

INVITED SEMINARS

07/2009           Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques Et Technologiques, UPS (Toulouse, France), « The biomechanics of vertebrates: What can FEA tell us? »

04/2009           Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris, France), « The biomechanics of vertebrates: What can FEA tell us? »

12/2007           Museo Nacional de Historia Natural (Santiago, Chile), « Palaeontology and computational simulations »

11/2007           Universidad Austral de Chile (Valdivia, Chile), « The dragon’s bite»

10/2007           Museo Nacional de Historia Natural (Santiago, Chile), « models on the Komodo dragon’s bite mechanics: implications on carnivorous dinosaurs feeding »

10/2007           University of New South Wales (Sydney, Australia), « Inside the Komodo dragon’s head : a story about shape, function and behavior using computational modeling »

06/2007           Laboratoire des Mécanismes et Transferts en Géologie (Toulouse, France), « Research in dinosaur paleoecology : constraints from footprints, bone functional morphology and feeding mechanics »

05/2007           Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris, France), « Research in dinosaur paleoecology : constraints from footprints, bone functional morphology and feeding mechanics »

01/2005           Brown University (Providence, USA) « Ornithopod pedal biomechanics »

01/2005           Harvard University (Cambridge, USA) « Ornithopod pedal biomechanics »

ORAL PRESENTATIONS IN SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS

1. K Moreno. (2008) Valoración y estado de conservación de huellas de vertebrados mesozoicos en Chile. I Simposio de Paleontología en Chile. Santiago, Chile. p. 13-17.

2. G Montoya, K Moreno. (2008) Nuevos Restos de mamíferos Miocenos de la localidad de Caragua, Formación Huaylas (Norte de Chile). III Congreso Latinoamericano de Paleontología de Vertebrados (III CLPV). Neuquén, Argentina. p. 163.

3. L Salvadores-Cerda, K Moreno, I Montero, O Recabarren, G Sievers, G Valenzuela, P Torres, A Abarzúa, R Navarro, M Pino (2008) Análisis de coprolitos de mamíferos del Pleistoceno Superior, sitio Pilauco Bajo, Centro Sur de Chile. III CLPV, Neuquén. p. 23.

4. F Degrange, CP Tambussi, K Moreno, S Wroe, L Witmer (2008) Andalgalornis steulleti  (Aves, Phorusrhacidae): Respuesta biomecánica del cráneo ante acción de fuerzas extrínsecas. III CLPV, Neuquén. p. 12.

5. S Wroe, P Clausen, C McHenry, K Moreno (2007) Finite element modeling of feeding behavior in the thylacine and wolf: A novel test for convergence. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27 (3, supplement): 169A. 67th Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Mesa, Arizona, USA.

6. K Moreno, S Wroe, P Clausen, C McHenry (2007) The Komodo dragon bite mechanics: a 3D FEA study. Australasian Biomechanics Conference IV, Auckland, New Zealand. p. 29.

7. K Moreno, MT Carrano, R Snyder (2006) Study of the evolution of pedal posture in ornithopod dinosaurs using 2D FEA, CT images and morphometrical data. Riversleigh Symposium, UNSW.

8. K Moreno (2005) Pedal biomechanics from digitigrade to subunguligrade. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 25 (3, supplement): 94A. 65th Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Mesa, Arizona, USA.

9. K Moreno, J Jacay, L Chillitupa, P De la Vera, D Hone, M Benton (2004) New dinosaur tracksites from Peru: Evidence for a wide distribution of large theropods during the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous in South America. ICHNIA, First International Congress on Ichnology. Acta: 59. Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio, Trelew, Patagonia Argentina.

10. K Moreno, N Blanco (2002) Nuevo yacimiento de icnitas de vertebrados en el norte de Chile (a new vertebrate tracksite from northern Chile) I Congreso Latinoamericano de Paleontologia de Vertebrados. Acta: 43. Santiago, Chile.

11. K Moreno (2001) Icnocenosis e icnofacies de la  Formación Chacarilla (Jurásico Superior – Cretácico Inferior), Norte de Chile. IV Reunión Argentina de Icnología y II Reunión de Icnología del Mercosur. Acta: 59. Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Tucumán, Argentina.

12. K Moreno (2001) Contexto e interacción de los dinosaurios de la Formación Baños del Flaco, Chile. XVII Jornadas Argentinas de Paleontología de Vertebrados. Acta: 12. Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia, Esquel, Chubut, Argentina.

13. D Rubilar, K Moreno, N Blanco (2000) Grandes huellas de ornitópodos en la Formación Chacarilla: icnofacies indicadoras del Cretácico Inferior. IX Congreso Geológico Chileno. Acta: 550- 554. Puerto Varas, Chile.

14. K Moreno (2000) Inferencias sobre el paleoecosistema de la capa portadora de huellas de dinosaurios de la Fm. Baños del Flaco. IX Congreso Geológico Chileno. Acta: 509-513. Puerto Varas, Chile.

15. N Blanco, A Tomlinson, K Moreno, D Rubilar (2000) Importancia estratigráfica de icnitas de dinosaurios en la Fm. Chacarilla (Jurásico Superior - Cretácico Inferior), I Región, Chile. IX Congreso Geológico Chileno. Acta: 441-445. Puerto Varas, Chile.

POSTER PRESENTATIONS IN SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS

 

1. K Moreno, A Pino, S Wroe, C McHenry. Bite force in Megalania P (2009) Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29 (3, supplement): 151A.

2. A Pino-Olivares, K Moreno, S Wroe (2008) Semejanzas entre la mecánica craneal de Varanus giganteus y la de dinosaurios terópodos. III Congreso Latinoamericano de Paleontología de Vertebrados, Neuquén. p. 22.

3. K Moreno, S Wroe, P Clausen, C McHenry, DC D’Amore, EJ Rayfield, E Cunningham (2007) Komodo dragon cranial mechanics and kinesis as revealed by high-resolution finite element analysis. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27 (3, supplement): 120A. 67th Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Mesa, Arizona, USA.

4. K Moreno, MT Carrano, R Snyder (2004) Morphological changes in foot phalanges and the development of quadrupedalism in ornithopods: a biomechanical approach. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24 (3, supplement): 96. 64th Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Denver, Colorado, USA.

5. K Moreno, N Blanco (2004) Scratch marks and a tetradactyl footprint from the Chacarilla Formation (Upper Jurassic - Lower Cretaceous): Are they theropod swimming traces? ICHNIA, First International Congress on Ichnology. Acta: 58. Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio, Trelew, Patagonia Argentina.

6. A Vargas, M Suarez, D Rubilar, K Moreno (2000) A titanosaur vertebra from Pichasca, Formación La Viñita (Late Cretaceous), IV Región, Chile. XVI Jornadas Argentinas de Paleontología de Vertebrados. Acta: 62. Universidad Nacional de San Luis, San Luis, Argentina.

7. D Rubilar, K Moreno (2000) Report of theropod trackways from Chacarilla Formation (Upper Jurassic – Lower Cretaceous?), Chile. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20(3, supplement): 66. 60th Meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Mexico City, Mexico.

8. K Moreno, D Rubilar, N Blanco (2000) Icnitas de dinosaurios de la Formación Chacarilla, I y II Región, Norte de Chile. XVI Jornadas Argentinas de Paleontología de Vertebrados. Acta:41. Universidad Nacional de San Luis, San Luis, Argentina.

9. J Calvo, K Moreno, D Rubilar (1999) First record of Lower Cretaceous dinosaur tracks in Río Negro Province, Patagonia, Argentina. II Jornadas Brasileñas de Paleontología de Vertebrados. Acta:25. Río de Janeiro, Brazil.

10. J Calvo, D Rubilar, K Moreno (1999) Report of a new theropod dinosaur from northwest of Patagonia. Ameghiniana, 36(4):65.

11. J Calvo, K Moreno, D Rubilar (1999) A new record of titanosauridae sauropod from Los Barreales Lake, Neuquén Province, Argentina. Ameghiniana, 36(4):65.

12. J Iriarte, K Moreno, D Rubilar, A Vargas (1998) A titanosaurid from Quebrada Hornitos Formation (Late Cretaceous), III Region, Chile. Ameghiniana, 36(1):80.

13. D Rubilar, K Moreno, A Vargas (1998) A revision of dinosaur trackways (Theropoda- Sauropoda-Ornithopoda) at Baños del Flaco Formation, VI Región, Chile. Ameghiniana, 36(1):80.

14. K Moreno, D Rubilar (1997) Presencia de nuevas pistas de dinosaurio (Theropoda- Ornithopoda) en la Formación Baños del Flaco, Provincia de Colchagua, VI Región Chile. VIII Congreso Iberoamericano de Biodiversidad y Zoología de Vertebrados. Acta:64. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile.

15. K Moreno, D Rubilar (1997) Estimación de las velocidades de desplazamiento de dinosaurios a partir de pistas en Termas del Flaco, Provincia de Colchagua, VI Región, Chile. VIII Congreso Iberoamericano de Biodiversidad y Zoología de Vertebrados. Acta:65. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile.

RESEARCH FUNDING

2002 - 2005         University of Bristol postgraduate scholarship (U. Bristol) and Overseas Research Student Award (Universities UK), paid for personal costs and PhD studies fees. Plus additional grant of 350 GBP from The Alumni Foundation (U. Bristol) to attend the First International Congress on Ichnology (ICHNIA).

2005                      Grant of 2500 USD from the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems Group (Smithsonian Institution, USA). To purchase a Finite Element Analysis software (Algor).

2001-2004           Grants from The Jurassic Foundation (Canada): 5500 USD for project 2001: “Paleoecological Evolution of Dinosaurs (Middle Jurassic - Lower Cretaceous) from Chacarilla Formation, Northern Chile: Guatacondo;  1500 USD  for project 2002: “Dinosaur footprints from Baños del Flaco, VI Región, Chile”; 1500 USD for Project 2004: “Morphology of Late Jurassic - Early Cretaceous Dinosaur Footprints: Integrating Foot Anatomy and Kinematics”.

2003                      Grant of 850 GPB from The Curry Fund (UK). To fund two videoconferences between Chile and Bristol.

2002                      Research funding from the SERNAGEOMIN (branch Puerto Varas, Chile). Project: “Paleontological study (paleonvironment, and paleofauna) of volcanic sediments from the last interglacial period in the Valdivia region (XIV Region, Chile).

PRICES AND AWARDS

2003                   Chosen as one of the most talented 100 Chileans by the national newspaper El Mercurio and the Universidad Alfredo Ibañez.

2000                   Philippi Medal (Universidad Austral de Chile), for the best undergraduate investigation work 1999-2000.

1999                   Mérito Artístico Cultural (Universidad Austral de Chile). Recognition for the organisation of cultural events.

1997 - 1998     Academic excellence scholarship (Gabriela Mistral, Colegio de Profesores, Santiago, Chili)

1995 - 1998     Academic excellence award (Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chili)

1992                   Third award in the “XXII Feria Científica y Tecnológica Juvenil” a display of science and technology for children (Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santiago, Chile).

 

 

June 2010